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It is a type of inflammatory gum disease that is caused by the plaque and tartar which get left behind on the teeth over a period of time. The gums will bleed when flossing or brushing. The gum will look red and puffy. It is a milder and reversible form of gum disease that can be treated by daily brushing, daily flossing, and regular dental prophylaxis cleaning with your dentist twice a year. Gingivitis does not affect the supporting bone structure of the teeth.
The plaque and tartar on the teeth causes severe gum inflammation. Over time, inflammed gums start to pull away from the teeth, creating deeper space or unhealthy periodontal gum pockets where the bacteria can thrive and produce bacterial toxins. The natural body immune system responds to these bacterial toxins by breaking down the bone and connective tissues around the healthy teeth. Periodontitis is a more serious inflammatory gum disease that permanently affects the gum and bone supporting your teeth, making your teeth become more mobile over time and leading to early tooth loss.
Periodontitis cannot be cured. Continued good home care and professional gum maintenance cleaning every three month with the dentist for the rest of the patient's life is required to prevent relapse.